Roulette is a casino game that involves placing bets on various numbers and groupings of numbers on the betting table. Each player uses different colored chips to differentiate their stakes from the other players’.
Among the many roulette variations, European Roulette is the most popular. It has a single zero pocket, which drastically reduces the house edge to a coveted 2.7%.
The origin of roulette is not exactly known, but there are several theories. Some people believe that it was invented by the 17th-century French mathematician Blaise Pascal as part of his quest to produce a machine that would demonstrate perpetual motion. Others claim that the game was derived from older games such as Roly Poly and Even Odd, or from Biribi, an Italian gambling game. Its modern layout and wheel structure emerged in 18th century France. The first written reference to the game was in a document about gambling regulations for New France (now Quebec, Canada) in 1758. It included the game on a list of banned ones.