# The Basics of Dominoes

A domino is a small rectangular block with pips on one side. There are many games played with dominoes. These games are fun and exciting to play. The rules for each game vary.

In the beginning of any domino game, each player must lay a single tile. Each tile must be laid so that its matching ends are touching.

## Origin

While it is believed that a very similar game existed in ancient Egypt, dominoes as we know them originated in Europe. According to Michael Dummett, they surfaced in Italy around the early 18th century.

Although there is no clear explanation of the origin of the name, it has been suggested that the word ‘domino’ is derived from Latin’s dominus, meaning master of the house. It may also be based on a hooded cape that was worn by French priests over their surplices during masquerades.

The game was brought to England in the late 1700s by French prisoners of war. It quickly became popular in taverns and inns. Eventually, many different games were invented with dominoes, including chickenfoot and block. These games required calculation and strategy.

## Rules

Dominoes are a type of tile that has identifying marks on one side and is blank or identically patterned on the other. The identifying marks are called pips. The pips are either marked in a particular arrangement (one’s touch ones, two’s touch twos, etc.) or are free.

Most domino games fall into four categories: bidding, blocking, scoring, and round. They all use different rules, but are very similar in overall application.

When playing domino, players must thoroughly shuffle the tiles before making a play. The player who draws the heaviest tile goes first. If a player is not able to place their tile, they must call a UDL Official. If a player notices an exposed domino, they must immediately call a UDL Official to resolve the situation.

## Variations

Dominoes are made to represent each of the 21 possible faces of two thrown dice. This allows for a greater number of combinations than the standard 28-piece domino set found in the West.

Dominos are a fun way to teach kids counting and addition. They also encourage cooperation and teamwork. Moreover, the game helps build self-esteem and social skills. It can even help a person kick an unhealthy habit or start a new healthy one.

Variations of the game include matador, where players try to play a tile with the same value on both ends, and bendomino, which uses curved tiles that allow the line of play to branch. Players may also block the other player’s train by placing a marker on it. The score for a blocked round is calculated in the same way as for a non-blocked one.

## Materials

Dominoes are made from a variety of materials. They can be made from wood, plastic, or even stone. They are usually twice as long as they are wide, which makes them easier to stack and rearrange. They are also normally a rectangular shape. The dominoes have a line down the center that divides them visually into two squares, each with an arrangement of dots or “pips.” Each side may contain different numbers, but most sets are based on double-six.

First, use a ruler to mark lines every half inch on a plank of wood. After this, cut the plank with a saw to get 28 half inch pieces. Then, apply a thin layer of resin to each piece and wait for it to dry.

## Scoring

A scoring system is an important aspect of any domino game. The number of points scored by a winning player is determined by counting the pips left in their opponent’s hands at the end of a hand or game. The total score may also be based on a combination of the number of tiles in each player’s hand that add up to a multiple of five, which is known as 5s-and-3s, Muggins, or Five Up.

Some games of domino use a line of play, and the pips on the exposed ends of the dominoes must match (one’s touch one’s and two’s touch two’s). The winner is awarded points for each multiple of five in their opponents’ hands. A running total score is often kept on a cribbage board.